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Online Library of Science/Research Papers on Reading, Dyslexia and LD

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Evidence for reading improvement following tDCS treatment in children and adolescents with Dyslexia

In Feb. 2016 Italian researchers published an interesting paper on the positive effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on reading skills

Coercive Interventions for Reactive Attachment Disorder

Reactive Attachment Disorder is a complex psychiatric illness that is characterized by problems in forming and maintaining emotional attachments.

Current Directions in Self-efficacy Research

People should look to students self-beliefs about their academic capabilities: they are important components of motivation, and academic achievement.

Digit Span Changes In Different Levels of Education

The goal of this study is to demonstrate the age-related changes in multimodality digit span in which level of education is controlled.

Dynaread Enforced Memory Consolidation

The need for time to allow for memory consolidation is well accepted within the memory research community.

Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and Dyscalculia in Materials Science

Students with dyslexia, dyspraxia, and dyscalculia cannot be singled out into one pigeonhole, they have to be carefully tested and their needs highlighted.

Encouraging Self-Regulated Learning in the Classroom

Self-regulated learning (SLR) is recognized as an important predictor of student academic motivation and achievement.

Measuring Working Memory Span

The present report describes a procedure for measuring working memory span using the SIMON, a commercially available electronic game.

Mental Chronometry and Individual Differences

Mental Chronometry (MC) comprises a variety of techniques for measuring the speed with which the brain processes information.

Multiple Primes and Semantic Memory

Six experiments addressed the combinatorial influence of multiple related primes in naming, lexical decision and relatedness judgment performance.

Procedural Learning and Contextual Cueing

Using a combination of eye tracking and fMRI in a contextual cueing task, we explored th facilitation of visual search for repeated spatial configurations.

Processing of Semantic Information

In a semantic priming study, participants showed a naming advantage for strongly related targets compared to weakly related targets in the left hemisphere

Relationship Working Memory to Reading and Writing

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of working memory at the word and sentence levels of language to reading and writing outcomes.

Specificity of Priming

Priming is a nonconscious form of memory that involves a change in a person's ability to identify, produce or classify an item.

The Mediating Role of Family Routines

Family structure differences in mediating processes are discussed in relation to experiences of work and the roles of adults in the household.

The Value of Family Routines

This study examined associations between mother reports of family routines and adolescent academic success.

Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work

Evidence for the superiority of guided instruction is explained in the context of our knowledge of human cognitive architecture, and cognitive load.

Working Memory and Executive Control

A major problem in analysing the executive processes that seem to depend upon the prefrontal cortex stems from the absence of a well developed cognitive mod

Working Memory Training in Children with Special Needs

This study examines the relationship between working memory and reading achievement in 57 Swedish primary-school children with special needs.

About Dyslexia

Definition Of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.

Dyslexia Basics

Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with reading.

Emerging View of Dyslexia

Powerpoint (Oct 2015) by Dr. Fumiko Hoeft (UCLA) on the Emerging View of Dyslexia.

Neurobiology of Dyslexia

Late 2014 scientific overview on the neurobiology of dyslexia.

The Reality of the Fast and Slow Route Reading Systems

Experience how your brain works in reading. This article demonstrates the reality of our Fast and Slow Route Reading Systems.

What is Dyslexia?

A short and clear article on Dyslexia definition, symptoms, secondary signs, behavioural indicators, testing.

Auditory Processing

Exercising Auditory Processing - Does it help?

This brief article discusses the current scientific perspective on auditory processing training in the context of dyslexia.


Mathematical Abilities in Dyslexia Children

Research paper discussing the correlation between reading and math struggles.

Some Dyscalculia resources

Short article with some links to dyscalculia resources.

Dyslexia - Vulnerabilities

Dyslexia and Depression

This book is the culmination of fifteen years of the authors research into dyslexia. As a dyslexic himself, the author grew up with many difficulties.

Evidence for Learned Helplessness in Poor Readers

Children of relatively good, average, and poor reading ability were assessed on tasks in which success and failure were manipulated.

Learning Disabilities and Adolescent Suicide

The results showed that 89% of the 27 adolescents who committed suicide had significant deficits in spelling and handwriting.

Literacy Behind Bars

The report includes analyses that compare the literacy of the U.S. prison population in 2003 with the literacy of the U.S. prison population in 1992.

Prison Literacy Connection

According to the Correctional Education Association and other statistical data, the illiteracy for adult inmates is estimated at 75 percent.

The Crime Risk of Illiteracy

In 1995, Karpowitz and Kenner reported in their research paper that inside our (USA) prisons, 19% percent of adult inmates are illiterate.

Youth with Disabilities in Juvenile Correction

Improving our knowledge of the number of incarcerated youth with disabilities can assist with developing more effective services for youth.


Developing Early Literacy Skills

This rejoinder provides responses to the conceptual concerns expressed in the Educational Researcher of the 2008 National Early Literacy Panel report.

Early Linguistic Abilities and Reading Development

This article is concerned with aspects of phonological processing and linguistic awareness that may set the stage for initial reading development.


Natural speech reveals the semantic maps that tile human cerebral cortex

results suggest that most areas within the semantic system represent information about specific semantic domains, or groups of related concepts, and our atl

Reading Disabilities - Dyslexia

An Interview with James Royer

This is an excellent intreview conducted by Michael F. Shaughnessy in which he interviews Professor James M. Royer.

Are Reading Disorders Hereditary?

Research suggests that reading disorders are caused by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors.

Auditory processing and the development of language and literacy

Bailey, Snowling: Auditory processing and the development of language and literacy (with access to full article).

Comorbidity of dyslexia, dyspraxia, ADD, ADHD, OCD, etc.

A clear pattern of comorbidity was demonstrated. Whilst not always quantifiable, no patient was found to have one condition in isolation.

Consequences of Poor Phonological Short-term Memory

A longitudinal study investigated the cognitive skills and scholastic attainments in children of with poor phonological loop skills at 5 years.

Dyslexic Children Show Short-Term Memory Deficits

Dyslexia is primarily associated with a phonological processing deficit. However, the clinical manifestation also includes a reduced verbal working memory

Impaired Semantic Processing In Children with Dyslexia

Developmental dyslexia is a specific disorder of reading acquisition characterized by a phonological core deficit.

Multisensory Interactions in Dyslexia

Recent studies have demonstrated that dyslexia is associated with deficits in the temporal encoding of sensory information.

Response Inhibition in Children with Dyslexia

This study investigates response inhibition and its relationship to phonological processing in third graders with and without dyslexia.

Subtypes of Reading Disability

Eight measures of cognitive and language functions in 232 children were subjected to multiple cluster analysis to identify subtypes of reading disability.

Subtypes of Reading Disability: Variability around a Phonological Core

Four of the five specific reading-disabled subtypes displayed a relative weakness in phonological awareness ... read more

Temporal Processing and Reading Disability

We examined the hypothesis that early auditory temporal processing deficits cause later specific reading disability by impairing phonological processing.

Reading Sciences

DRC: A Dual Route Cascaded Model

This article describes the Dual Route Cascaded (DRC) model, a computational model of visual word recognition and reading aloud.

Effects of Multiple Presentations on Novel Figurative Phrases

How the perceptions of novel figurative phrases change over the course of numerous presentations were addressed in three studies using rating tasks

Evidence for the Use of a Whole Word Nonsemantic Pathway

Neither the presence nor absence of priming effects in oral reading permit an inference as to whether the addressed or assembled routine is used.

High Reading Speed and its Role in Fluency

Article exploring the role of high speed reading in improving brain synchronization of reading systems. Book recommendation: Zvia Breznits - Fluency in read

Long-Term Semantic Priming of Word Meaning

Three experiments investigated facilitation in synonym decisions as a function of prior synonym decision trials that were related.

Phonic and Whole Word Reading Techniques

The purpose of this investigation was to compare instructional effectiveness and efficiency among the use of phonic analysis.

Reading Rate Acceleration Improve Error Monitoring Etc.

Horowitz-Kraus; Breznitz. The current study aimed to investigate whether a reading intervention program (Reading Acceleration Program, or RAP) could improve

The Phonological Loop

the phonological loop, a component of working memory, has proved capable of accommodating a great deal of experimental evidence.

Reading Sciences - Reading Models

Dual Route Cascaded Model of Reading

DRC: A dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud. Coltheart, Max C.S.. Johannes Psychological Review, Vol 108(1), Jan 2001


Development of Multisensory Integration

These observations suggest that visual experiences are critical for the SC to develop the ability to integrate multisensory information.

Dyslexia Begins With Visual Spatial Problems

Problems with visual attention before a child is able to read may lead to a later diagnosis of dyslexia.

Effect of Print Size on Reading Speed in Dyslexia

Dyslexic reading curves showed higher critical print sizes and shallower reading rate-by-print size slopes below the critical print size.

Effects of Display Resolution on Visual Performance

The role of display resolution in visual information processing was investigated in two experiments.

Effects of Varying Luminance and Wavelength on Reading Comprehension

Reading disability (RD) is a serious epidemiologic problem and may affect up to 15% to 20% of elementary school children.

Estimation of the Timing of Human Visual Perception

To explore the timing and the underlying neural dynamics of visual perception, we analyzed the relationship.

Eye Movements and Reading Problems

It has been suggested that eye movement abnormalities seen in dyslexics are attributable to their language problems.

Poor Visual Spatial Attention May Help Identify Dyslexia

A new research outcome from Italy has revealed that poor visual spatial attention in young children may be a foreshadowing of Dyslexia.

Spatial Attention Shifting and Phonological Processing in Adults with Dyslexia

Scientific research paper exploring possible impaired performance on shifting visual spatial attention. Authors Ian Abbott, Rebecca F Larkin, Andrew K Dunn.

Split-Fovea Processing in Word Recognition

The assessment reveals shortcomings and errors that are likely to impact on an accurate understanding of research.

Strong Motion Deficits in Dyslexia Associated with DCDC2 Gene Alteration

Research paper: We measured motion perception in two groups of dyslexics, with and without a deletion within the DCDC2 gene, a risk gene for dyslexia.

Sustained and Transient Channels in Reading and Reading Disability

Presents a review of research on the role of sustained and transient channels of the visual system in reading and reading disorders.

The Rise and Fall of Priming

How does the amount of time for which we see an object influence the nature and content of its cortical representation?

Unmasking Visual Masking

Proposes theoretical integration of a mechanistic, causal analysis and behavioral analysis of visual masking phenomena.

Visual Deficit Theory of Developmental Dyslexia

Dyslexia is an impairment in reading that can result from an abnormal developmental process in the case of developmental dyslexia.

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quote-sign We are very pleased with the progress our son has made in reading over the last six months. The time we were spending with our son, at home, trying to practice reading schoolbooks, only frustrated him. Since starting the program he has become more confident and he enjoys reading. He no longer sees reading fluently as something out of his reach. I would recommend Dynaread to any child struggling with reading.

Julissa Goodnough
British Columbia, Canada

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