Online Library of Science/Research Papers on Reading, Dyslexia and LD
Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.
Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with reading.
Experience how your brain works in reading. This article demonstrates the reality of our Fast and Slow Route Reading Systems.
A short and clear article on Dyslexia definition, symptoms, secondary signs, behavioural indicators, testing.
This brief article discusses the current scientific perspective on auditory processing training in the context of dyslexia.
Short article with some links to dyscalculia resources.
Dyslexia - Vulnerabilities
This book is the culmination of fifteen years of the authors research into dyslexia. As a dyslexic himself, the author grew up with many difficulties.
Children of relatively good, average, and poor reading ability were assessed on tasks in which success and failure were manipulated.
The results showed that 89% of the 27 adolescents who committed suicide had significant deficits in spelling and handwriting.
The report includes analyses that compare the literacy of the U.S. prison population in 2003 with the literacy of the U.S. prison population in 1992.
According to the Correctional Education Association and other statistical data, the illiteracy for adult inmates is estimated at 75 percent.
In 1995, Karpowitz and Kenner reported in their research paper that inside our (USA) prisons, 19% percent of adult inmates are illiterate.
Improving our knowledge of the number of incarcerated youth with disabilities can assist with developing more effective services for youth.
This rejoinder provides responses to the conceptual concerns expressed in the Educational Researcher of the 2008 National Early Literacy Panel report.
This article is concerned with aspects of phonological processing and linguistic awareness that may set the stage for initial reading development.
Reactive Attachment Disorder is a complex psychiatric illness that is characterized by problems in forming and maintaining emotional attachments.
People should look to students self-beliefs about their academic capabilities: they are important components of motivation, and academic achievement.
The goal of this study is to demonstrate the age-related changes in multimodality digit span in which level of education is controlled.
The need for time to allow for memory consolidation is well accepted within the memory research community.
Students with dyslexia, dyspraxia, and dyscalculia cannot be singled out into one pigeonhole, they have to be carefully tested and their needs highlighted.
Self-regulated learning (SLR) is recognized as an important predictor of student academic motivation and achievement.
The present report describes a procedure for measuring working memory span using the SIMON, a commercially available electronic game.
Mental Chronometry (MC) comprises a variety of techniques for measuring the speed with which the brain processes information.
Six experiments addressed the combinatorial influence of multiple related primes in naming, lexical decision and relatedness judgment performance.
Using a combination of eye tracking and fMRI in a contextual cueing task, we explored th facilitation of visual search for repeated spatial configurations.
In a semantic priming study, participants showed a naming advantage for strongly related targets compared to weakly related targets in the left hemisphere
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of working memory at the word and sentence levels of language to reading and writing outcomes.
Priming is a nonconscious form of memory that involves a change in a person's ability to identify, produce or classify an item.
Family structure differences in mediating processes are discussed in relation to experiences of work and the roles of adults in the household.
This study examined associations between mother reports of family routines and adolescent academic success.
Evidence for the superiority of guided instruction is explained in the context of our knowledge of human cognitive architecture, and cognitive load.
A major problem in analysing the executive processes that seem to depend upon the prefrontal cortex stems from the absence of a well developed cognitive mod
This study examines the relationship between working memory and reading achievement in 57 Swedish primary-school children with special needs.
Reading Disabilities - Dyslexia
This is an excellent intreview conducted by Michael F. Shaughnessy in which he interviews Professor James M. Royer.
Research suggests that reading disorders are caused by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors.
Bailey, Snowling: Auditory processing and the development of language and literacy (with access to full article).
A clear pattern of comorbidity was demonstrated. Whilst not always quantifiable, no patient was found to have one condition in isolation.
A longitudinal study investigated the cognitive skills and scholastic attainments in children of with poor phonological loop skills at 5 years.
Dyslexia is primarily associated with a phonological processing deficit. However, the clinical manifestation also includes a reduced verbal working memory
Developmental dyslexia is a specific disorder of reading acquisition characterized by a phonological core deficit.
Recent studies have demonstrated that dyslexia is associated with deficits in the temporal encoding of sensory information.
This study investigates response inhibition and its relationship to phonological processing in third graders with and without dyslexia.
Eight measures of cognitive and language functions in 232 children were subjected to multiple cluster analysis to identify subtypes of reading disability.
Four of the five specific reading-disabled subtypes displayed a relative weakness in phonological awareness ... read more
We examined the hypothesis that early auditory temporal processing deficits cause later specific reading disability by impairing phonological processing.
This article describes the Dual Route Cascaded (DRC) model, a computational model of visual word recognition and reading aloud.
How the perceptions of novel figurative phrases change over the course of numerous presentations were addressed in three studies using rating tasks
Neither the presence nor absence of priming effects in oral reading permit an inference as to whether the addressed or assembled routine is used.
Three experiments investigated facilitation in synonym decisions as a function of prior synonym decision trials that were related.
The purpose of this investigation was to compare instructional effectiveness and efficiency among the use of phonic analysis.
the phonological loop, a component of working memory, has proved capable of accommodating a great deal of experimental evidence.
Reading Sciences - Reading Models
DRC: A dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud. Coltheart, Max C.S.. Johannes Psychological Review, Vol 108(1), Jan 2001
These observations suggest that visual experiences are critical for the SC to develop the ability to integrate multisensory information.
Problems with visual attention before a child is able to read may lead to a later diagnosis of dyslexia.
Dyslexic reading curves showed higher critical print sizes and shallower reading rate-by-print size slopes below the critical print size.
The role of display resolution in visual information processing was investigated in two experiments.
Reading disability (RD) is a serious epidemiologic problem and may affect up to 15% to 20% of elementary school children.
To explore the timing and the underlying neural dynamics of visual perception, we analyzed the relationship.
It has been suggested that eye movement abnormalities seen in dyslexics are attributable to their language problems.
A new research outcome from Italy has revealed that poor visual spatial attention in young children may be a foreshadowing of Dyslexia.
The assessment reveals shortcomings and errors that are likely to impact on an accurate understanding of research.
Presents a review of research on the role of sustained and transient channels of the visual system in reading and reading disorders.
How does the amount of time for which we see an object influence the nature and content of its cortical representation?
Proposes theoretical integration of a mechanistic, causal analysis and behavioral analysis of visual masking phenomena.
Dyslexia is an impairment in reading that can result from an abnormal developmental process in the case of developmental dyslexia.
We are very pleased with the progress our son has made in reading over the last six months. The time we were spending with our son, at home, trying to practice reading schoolbooks, only frustrated him. Since starting the program he has become more confident and he enjoys reading. He no longer sees reading fluently as something out of his reach. I would recommend Dynaread to any child struggling with reading.
British Columbia, Canada